For Friday 9/4, read the texts from Francis Bacon’s New Organon and from Galileo’s The Assayer in Modern Philosophy (pp.16-24). Be prepared to answer the following questions:
- What are the “two ways of searching into and discovering the truth” that Bacon discusses?
- How are ‘general axioms’ involved in each?
- How are the senses involved in each?
- What does each deliver as far as “conclusions of human reasoning… applied in matters of nature”?
- Which method does Bacon suggest we adopt?
- What are the “idols and false notions which are now in possession of the human understanding”?
- What are their negative effects?
- What are the classes into which Bacon divides them?
- How do they come to be so ingrained in our thinking?
- What proposition is Galileo attempting to establish in this part of his essay?
- What is the allegedly false view of the matter that he is arguing against?
- What does he claim that he has to conceive whenever he is conceiving of any corporeal body?
- What does he claim that he does not have to conceive in doing this?
- What explanation does he give for the differences in these conceptions?